The SATs Were Designed To Keep Out Jews
Old-timey WASPs of the East Coast had themselves a problem: Jewish students were getting good enough grades to get into their prestigious Ivy League schools. By the 1920s, about a quarter of Harvard's incoming freshmen were Jewish. What was a racist to do? If they enacted limits, they admitted that the students they kept out deserved to be there. Outright banning them wouldn't be fashionable for another few decades, either.
Enter Carl Brigham. Turning to racist science (which is like real science, except it's not science), Carl set out to create a college entrance exam using IQ tests which favored Anglo students. In fact, he developed the entire SAT around them. As a Columbia Dean once celebrated, "We have honestly attempted to eliminate the lowest grade of applicant, and it turns out that a good many of the low grade men are New York City Jews." What a coincidence!
The traditional student body could now go back to the things they liked best -- polo, touching each other's butts with plungers, and writing Hitler's music -- unmolested by the thought of a kid down the hall wearing a yarmulke. But the celebration was short-lived, because it didn't take long for Jewish students to figure out how to crack the test. Stanley Kaplan helped Jewish kids from New York do precisely that, and then built an empire on it. Brigham's whole design backfired, as many Jews and other nonwhite kids officially passed the test, more or less guaranteeing themselves admission. Brigham later recanted his views on inherent intelligence, and like a Pinocchio made out of hate instead of wood, he became a real scientist. It's taken us decades to begin discarding standardized tests altogether, but Kaplan has to make its money somehow.
Marijuana Is Super Racist
No, there's no such thing as a racist plant. The problem is the word "marijuana" itself. Although "marijuana" is one of the Spanish words for the plant, Spanish-speaking countries also use the term more commonly used in Britain and Canada, "cannabis." It worked just fine in the United States for a while, too. Then, in the early 20th century, anti-drug crusaders started looking for a new way to brand the drug, because America could not withstand a cookie shortage during the Great War.
This was also the time of the Mexican Revolution and its accompanying refugee crisis. Americans, uh ... do not have a great track record of keeping their cool when a bunch of new people show up. Through the magic of synergy, racists and party-haters both discovered that the foreign-sounding term "marijuana" was the perfect new word to strike fear into the hearts of the American public -- both of immigrants and of the drug itself. Henry Anslinger, the first head of the Federal Bureau of Narcotics, led the charge to make cannabis "marijuana" again, with statements like:
"There are 100,000 total marijuana smokers in the U.S., and most are Negroes, Hispanics, Filipinos and entertainers. Their Satanic music, jazz and swing result from marijuana use. This marijuana causes white women to seek sexual relations with Negroes, entertainers and any others."
He pushed Congress to make possession of marijuana a federal crime, which they did in 1937. That law was but the victory lap for Anslinger's rebranding campaign -- by that point, most states had already made marijuana illegal, and many used drug enforcement as a pretense for deporting Mexican immigrants, because like Hollywood, the United States is always recycling old material and hoping the audience doesn't notice.