The Stooges (also known later on as Iggy and the Stooges) were a hard rock/punk band formed in 1969. They started punk, before the Ramones, before the Sex Pistols, before the Clash, and better than all three.
The Stooges were formed in the late 60's, containing Iggy Pop (vocals, peanut butter), Ron Asheton (guitar), Scott Asheton (drums), and Dave Alexander (bass).
The Stooges' eponymous first album was released in 1969, and nobody fucking bought it. Really. It's probaly one of the most influential albums in rock n roll history, but it's success was minimal, despite containing the punk classic "I Wanna Be Your Dog", a song that, if you listen to it on repeat, will make you go barking mad. With a lo-fi sound that was a mix of orgasms and rusty power tools, punk was born.
Their next album, "Fun House" (1970), is probably even more influential than their first, despite being remarkably unsuccessful.
Next came their third album (what, you thought their fifth would be next?), "Raw Power" (1973). By this time, Iggy had brought on new guitarist James Williamson, allowing Ron Asheton to move to bass. (The previous bassist was fired due to being too drunk to handle all the awesome being produced). This album would be followed by their departure. It contained gems such as "Search and Destroy", which is one of the greatest punk rock songs in the history of punk (and jazz, probably).
The Stooges reunited in 2007 to release "The Weirdness", an album that still nobody bought. Also, in 2010, the Stooges finally made it into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, finally getting the respect they deserved, as well as catching up to industry rivals Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five.