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Crafting systems have long been the Holy Grail of gaming. Developers glory in announcing and questing for them, and properly applied, they can extend a game's lifetime dramatically. But a bad system gets old really fast. And just as with the Grail, it's decided by whether the wielder truly wanted to make things better or was just greedy. With Mad Max and Fallout 4 unleashing crafting systems on the blasted and wasted landscape of AAA games, they've never been higher profile.

Which is why we're looking at the five worst problems with single-player crafting systems, and how to fix them. (Massively multiplayer crafting systems are a whole other kettle of fish. And all 50 fish have to be collected individually with a 0.4% chance of dropping from Epic Squid.)

Crafting Trojan Micropayments

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Dead Space is a series about relentless monsters which keep going even when you slow them down and chop off huge chunks. Which is exactly what happened to the series itself with Dead Space 3. EA unveiled a "crafting" system which turned weapon upgrades into grinding chores unless you paid. That is, if you paid again after already buying the game. You can technically acquire weapons without cash, but only by effectively working a sub-minimum-wage fictional job gathering ridiculous numbers of arbitrary resources instead of playing the main game. It would have been more convincing if they'd claimed it was a satire of capitalism and that they were Banksy. And it was so bad that players bragged about spending hours farming imaginary events instead of paying.

"I work on a spaceship of mutated Necromorphs, and paying for this is the most screwed-up thing I've ever seen."

The ability to buy better weapons ruins the game twice over. Either you're paying real money to beat a game you already bought, which is how your self-esteem wins a pyrrhic victory, or you're struggling through battles with the knowledge you're deliberately wasting time that even the game wants you to skip. Hard levels are no longer finely-balanced tests, but blatant difficulty spikes added as aggressive sales pitches. This shatters your immersion, keeping you constantly aware that you're not escaping from reality by struggling against alien monsters; you're losing a real battle against an evil Terran corporation.

Solution: No Micropayments Mode

Every game should have a simple "I WILL NEVER BUY ANYTHING" toggle which removes all offers and options from every menu. Not greying them out, not defaulting them to "No" -- absolutely eliminating even the least glimpse of them from the game. If only to reveal how many holes are left. This would have to be instituted as a legal requirement, just like age ratings, and it could be forced for the same reasons. Parents used to be worried about violent games, but now they face the real problem of children being tricked out of thousands of dollars. Micropayments are a genuine scam that exploit children as a security flaw. Video games are meant to make dealing with kids easier, not worse.

Crafty Chronocide

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"Clickfarming" is any game mechanic which rewards you for clicking something, waiting several minutes because you really have nothing better to do with your life, and then clicking it again. It was invented by laboratory rats who'd survived testing, needed money for pellets, and wanted revenge on the human race.

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"This is for all the mazes! Enjoy MazeVille Social Plus!"

It's a more horrifying Skinner box than a literal implementation of that term in a horror movie, because at least horror victims don't insist that they're enjoying it. The basic timer tactic has expanded into an array of time-killing traps wherein you have to do the same things over and over again to change one number into another, convert one resource into a second in order to get a third, repeat a mission until you have ten of a certain component, or any allegedly complicated "crafting" system which requires five steps but can only deliver a single result. They're all embarrassingly simple proto-Matrixes reducing the human brain to a simple WHILE ... UNTIL statement.

I need different lumber to make a weapon handle to combine with flints and ores to make a firearm I can't fire. And I used to be an Assassin.

If you click through three menus to complete something which could have been done with a single keypress, then those menus were there to hide the lack of real gameplay. If changing one of those steps gives a different result, it's crafting. If the multi-step sequence has only one correct result, then it's not crafting; it's the world most boring quicktime event, which decided to swap the "quick" for "filing." And as in the previous point, the instant they offer you a chance to pay your way past any step is when you know it's all bullshit.

Solution: Macros And Smelting

Ideally, all games should have macros. A simple set of instructions in which you can map out commands like "IF this THEN that." It sounds complicated, but everything in the virtual world is already inputs and named components. If you can do it with menus and a keypad, then the game should be able to do that for you. Setting up a system to call button presses and menu elements really would be BASIC.

"I see what you did there."

Developers worry that players would skip parts of their game, but if players want to skip a part, then they should be allowed to. Video games aren't meant to be homework. More realistically, every crafting game should at least have a smelting option like in Team Fortress 2, which lets you take all unwanted items and resources and render them down into base material to be rebuilt into other items. That way, even the most useless items feel like progress towards a desired goal.

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Preventing Players From Crafting Anything Powerful

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The game gives us a crafting system to make amazing items, but then steps in to prevent us from making powerful ones. Starting with "simulated video game DIY" and adding another level of pointlessness is technically impressive, but not in the technical senses we wanted. If we can't generate anything better than what games normally give us, then the crafting system isn't an extra on top of the normal game -- it's a chore assigned instead of a normal game, like a bored parent giving their kid a stick and only getting involved to scold them when they pretend it's something awesome like a sword.

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Still better than spending hundreds of dollars on a katana, and even more practical.

If you're worried about balancing the players' equipment and weapons, then give them balanced equipment and weapons. If you can't figure out a crafting system which fits the established structure, then don't include a crafting system. There's no point in crafting if you can't make something better than the standard gear. Super Mario Bros. wouldn't have been improved if Mario had to take out his tool belt to unscrew and empty every metal box he met. Either give us weapons or give us the ability to truly make things.

Solution: Infinite Options

Run with it! It's more fun to break a game than it is to behave inside it. The Elder Scrolls games let you ramp up any ability to world-shattering, all-dominating levels, because you're the hero and playing pretend, and both of those mean you should to be able to do that. My only combat duty in Skyrim was cackling while dual flame atronachs arsonized existence.

"Don't speak to me, speak to the hand WHICH CONJURES ELEMENTALS OF FLAME!"

Don't just let players break the game; give us options for infinite resources so we can see just how stupidly awesome we can get with the wreckage. Then include an achievement or a cosmetic award item for people who don't use those options and complete the game "as it's meant to be played." That encourages people to try both modes and have much more than twice as much fun. All for the cost of less than a line of code as you change some resource variables. The core point is that we already have a world in which extremely un-fun people will make sure we don't break the rules. That's why we invented video games.

Trapping Players In Safety Nets

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If you can't screw up, then you can't achieve anything. It's as true with plasma mines as it is in kid's cartoons. Even moreso, actually, as the mistakes tend to be much more painful. If the crafting system doesn't let you unleash the most broken abomination in existence upon the virtual world, then it's not a crafting system; it's just a chore. It's a jigsaw whose pieces are are all tied to their proper places, and your only involvement is to push them in.

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And it's even easier than that, because you just have to press "A."

Modern games have the most amazing physics systems. True crafting lets us truly play with them. Developers might complain that it's a lot of work, and that's true. But if you don't want to do the work of developing a proper crafting system then don't include a crafting system. YES I WILL KEEP SAYING THIS.

Solution: Easy Reset And Reload

My most glorious crafting memory comes from Knights In The Nightmare. (Tactical isometric turn-based combat game controlled via a bullet hell shoot-em-up. It's awesome.) I burned all my swords (the primary weapon of my strongest character), melding and smelting the ultimate kickass lvl 99 blade. Then I tried to equip it to my lead lvl 25 character, and he stood there shruggingly unable to even find the handle on this LHC of Large Heavy Cutters. He had to stagger through a quarter of the game shaking his fists at enemies until I found another random sword drop. From that point on, every weapon I made felt like I was really making something right, because I'd found how I really could do it wrong.

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"Things going wrong" is a common theme in swordplay.

Developers think they're saving players from frustration by preventing them from doing anything stupid. But the most frustrating experience is wanting to try something stupid and having the game tut "No no no," presumably before telling you to eat your vegetables instead of dessert. When a game's physics engine is made of explosives and murder, we're not playing it to obey sensible rules.

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Lying About Crafting

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Crafting is incredibly fun and incredibly popular. Minecraft alone gave its inventor more money and fame than the invention of the transistor, while Kerbal Space Program is the more satisfying fun with a computer than actually working for NASA. They're wilder viral successes than the common cold, and allow those involved to enjoy more combinations, but making a good crafting system is a tremendous amount of work. Which is why major developers are trying to copy the incredible success of Minecraft by copying half of its name instead of even a tenth of the freedom it gives.

That's why "crafting" is now a must-have item on every new game hype checklist, even when all they have is a shop which says "scrap" instead of "money." The Mad Max game is the latest example of crafting being alleged instead of included. The car customization is just an awkward store; you need to find the parts, or the people with the parts, and then the scrap to pay for the parts. All of which are included in a set position on menus. If scrap had been called "coins," they couldn't have claimed this was crafting at all. And there's nothing wrong with that.

Avalanche Studios
It can be enormous fun, but it's like calling baking "sex" -- you're promising a different fun thing.

Choosing the silliest possible car form can still be tremendously enjoyable. But choosing from preset lists of options isn't crafting. Especially when the game then forbids you from using half the options in many missions. A true racing crafting game would be a '90s-era Carmageddon engine connected to a Kerbal Space Program constructor, an open world, and while we're at it, let's have an open player-moddable database of parts and locations. That's also every million dollars for anyone capable of crowdsourcing and making it, and I'm giving the idea away in the dream of someday seeing it.

Solution: Admit It's Just Customization

Crafting would mean letting us build a car with a hundred wheels. Or no wheels and a load of rocket boosters, and then throwing it out into the wasteland to invent the sport of Mad Max Dust Surfing and unleashing video viral promotion the likes of which the game's marketers could only dream. Crafting is games like Kerbal Space Program, in which there seems to be far more fun screwing around than achieving the real goals, and then you find there's even more fun achieving those goals because it's really you building and achieving them, not someone else who gave you a few menu options to flick through.

Kerbal Space Program
More satisfying than defeating even the highest-difficulty boss

The crafting system is the barometer for how much the developers cared, running from "zero effort chore stitched on because marketing told us to" through "good fun, integrates well with the mechanics" to "glorious freedom which adds days, months, years of entertainment to the title." Which, in this world of yearly franchise sequels, is one of the reasons major developers aren't trying too hard.

Luckily, we have independent developers truly crafting finer things.

Read how The Worst Metal Gear Story Ever Predicted The Entire Series, or Enjoy Five Fantastically Fun Games for the price of one Call of Duty.

Luke has a website, tumbles, and responds to every single tweet.

Crafting systems might not be where they want to be, but then again, sometimes video games fail horribly when they go for more realistic. Check out 5 Video Games That Took Realism Way Too Far. AHHH, are those supposed to be human faces, or are the souls of the damned playing NBA2k? Well at least they didn't try to tackle chronic obesity like Fable II. See how it failed miserably in 5 Hilariously Failed Attempts At Video Game Realism (Pt.2).

Subscribe to our YouTube channel to see how raw meat can heal a video game character's bullet wounds in The Problem With Realism With Video Games - Fallout Parody, and watch other videos you won't see on the site!

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